Cold Chain Practices

SEQ

PROCESS

RESPONSIBILITIES

1

Farm

Shipper should maintain produce’s desired carry temperature, minimise release of CO2, ethylene and respiration

2

Trucks

Trucks able to deliver within shortest possible time

3

Pre-Cooling Room

Temperature is set correctly and condensation should be minimised

4

Packing Facilities/ Pack House

Ensure produce is palletised and adequately stabilised in the cool room.

5

Loading Process

Ensure reefer container is ready for loading before removing produce from cool room. Container has to pass pre-trip inspection.

6

Land Transport to Terminal

Vehicle
should have effective insulation and cooling system. Transportation
time should be minimised. Trailers must have proper twist lock fittings
and must travel directly from shipper place to terminal.

7

Terminal

Ensure
temperature is set and ventilation is in accordance to shipper’s
instructions. Container has to pass Post Treatment Inspection.

8

On Board Vessel

Reefers
are to be plugged on immediately after loading. Regular monitoring of
vessels at 4-6 hours intervals. Look out for necessary repairs.
Terminal technicians are to record all “call-outs” and temperature
readings.

9

Direct destination/ Transshipment Port

Reefer
containers are to be plugged off only when loading process is ready to
be conducted. Reefer containers must put on power immediately upon
delivery to reefer yard.

10

Transshipment Terminal

Must ensure cargo to be monitored while waiting for on-carriage.

11

On Carriage Vessel Operator

Reefer
shipment will always be given priority to load on first available
carriage as cargo are usually perishables and with limited holding
shelf-life. Approximately 80-90% of problems found were land based.

12

Discharge Port Terminal

To monitor the reefer temperature regularly till the cargo is collected by consignee.

13

Land Transport to Consignee

Minimise trucking time to consignee location.

14

Consignee Premise

When
cargo is ready for unstuffing, the unloading process must be conducted
at shortest possible time to minimise heat exposure to the produces.
Cargo must be unstuffed and loaded into coldroom IMMEDIATELY. If
unstuffing only takes place at later stage, the laden reefer container
must be plugged-in to ensure power supply is on to maintain the
temperature.

15

Distribution

To
ensure good cold chain process, it is strongly recommended to use cold
trucks for transporting the fruits to the supermarkets and retailer
stores. Cargo should not be under direct heat as such would cause
deterioration rate to increase rapidly.

16

Retail Outlets

Many buyers change their supply source due to inconsistent resulting out turn of produce.

 

*From numerous trials, 85-90% of problems are land-based.